1. SCOPE OF
1.1 These rules apply to all competitors from the time they register until
all prizes have been awarded.
1.2 Any rule about a specific event will override any general rule. For
example, the rule about the start of a cyclocross race takes precedence over
the general rule on starts.
1.3 An organizer may use "special rules" for their event as long as they are
approved, in advance by the Chief Referee.
2.1 Bicycle race - a competition between people who are riding bicycles.
2.2 Invitational race - a race in which only riders who are invited by the
organizer may compete.
2.3 Race Series - a sequence of race meets conducted on a regular basis at
the same location or different locations that are tied together by an
overall prize list.
2.4 Mass Start - a race where riders are started together or where they are
expected to come together and ride as a group for at least some portion of
2.5 Time Trial - An event where riders are started separately or in teams
and may not ride together as a group with any riders they are not started
2.6 Organizer - this person is responsible for the proper organization of
the bicycle race.
2.7 Technical Director - either the race organizer or a person designated by
the race organizer. This person is responsible for the technical aspects and
course(s) of the event.
2.8 Prize list - all places, awards, prizes and primes to be awarded to
2.9 Official - an individual appointed to oversee the conduct of the race
and to ensure compliance with rules.
2.10 Racing age - a rider's age on December 31 of the current year.
2.11 Mishap - a crash, puncture, or failure of an essential part of the
bicycle. Problems caused by inadequate preparation or failure to adequately
tighten or fasten components to the bicycle are not mishaps.
2.12 Penalty - a punishment for infraction of the rules. Penalties may
- Warning - may be verbal or written
- Relegation - loss of position in the race
- Time penalty - time added to a competitor's time. Usually only applies to
- Disqualification - elimination from all placings and prizes, and
elimination from any subsequent heats (if any)
- Fine - fines are permitted in races
- Suspension - Chief Referee recommends suspensions for riders
2.13 Protest - a request by a rider or team manager to have the Chief
Referee review a decision, or to have the Chief Judge review the results.
2.14 Omnium - An omnium is a set of races in which riders compete for points
in each event and final placings are determined by total points in all
events. Different numbers of points may be given in different events. The
scoring scheme shall be specified in writing prior to the start of the first
race. Generally the points awarded in each event shall be 7-5-3-2-1 for
first through fifth places. In case of a tie on total points, the tie will
be broken in favor of the rider who has:
(a) The most first place finishes or, if still tied, the most second place
finishes, etc., or if still tied;
(b)The highest placing in the last race, or the race nearest the last race
of the omnium in which at least one of the tied riders placed.
3.1. The officials at a race may include:
Chief Referee, Assistant Referees
Chief Judge, Assistant Judges
Chief Timer, Assistant Timers
There must always be a Chief Referee. Presence of the other types of
officials depends upon the type of event.
3.2 All officials will enforce the regulations impartially.
3.5.1 CHIEF REFEREE
The Chief Referee shall enforce and interpret these, and any specific rules
of the race. In addition, the Chief Referee shall:
- make the final decision in any case or appeal not specifically covered by
these rules. Any such decision is beyond appeal.
- if necessary, alter the conditions of any race in the interest of safety,
including cancellation of a race if necessary.
- make the final decision on any penalties to be imposed.
- supervise the other working officials on site.
- ensure that the organizer has fulfilled all necessary conditions to ensure
a safe and fair race.
- render the final decision on any question concerning entries, including
ruling on eligibility of a competitor for a given race.
- submit recommendations for suspension immediately following an event in
written form. This may be delivered directly or by e-mail, fax or regular
mail. Recommendations for suspension must be posted within 24 hours. Details
of the recommendation must be included in the Chief Referee's Report.
3.5.2 ASSISTANT REFEREES
The assistant referees work under the direction of the Chief Referee. They
will report to the Chief Referee whenever a rule infraction is observed or
when otherwise appropriate.
3.5.3 CHIEF JUDGE
- The Chief Judge is responsible for the results of any race that is not a
time trial. The Chief Judge will use input from the assistant judges, but
the ultimate decision is solely from the Chief Judge.
- The Chief Judge should use any photo finish equipment available in order
to make the best possible decision regarding placement of riders.
- The Chief Judge will attempt to place as many competitors as possible in
each race and insure that all results are compiled and presented to the
3.5.4 ASSISTANT JUDGES
The Assistant Judges will work under the Chief Judge and provide any
information the Chief Judge requests.
3.5.5 CHIEF TIMER
The Chief Timer will be responsible for the results of any time trial event.
The Chief Timer and the Chief Judge may be a combined position.
3.5.6 ASSISTANT TIMERS
Assistant timers work under the direction of the Chief Timer. Assistant
timers and judges may be combined positions.
The starter is responsible for the start of the race. The starter's
responsibilities may be assigned to other officials.
The Registrar will be responsible for overseeing the registering or riders,
collection of entry and other rider fees and certifying the qualifications
of the rider to compete in the fields for which they register.
4. FIELD LIMITS
THE RACING ORGANIZATION defines minimum and maximum field size and limits.
5. CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT
Every rider warming up or racing while at the race venue shall wear a
protective, securely fastened helmet that satisfies at least one of the
following helmet standards:
- US Department of Transportation (DOT)
- American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Standard Z90.4
- Snell Memorial Foundation Standard "B" or "N" series
- American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standard F-1447
- Canadian Standards Association standard (CSA) CAN/CSA-D113.2-M
- US Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)
- CEN European Standard
Riders shall show documentary proof of this, such as a manufacturer's label,
upon request by race officials. It is the rider's responsibility to select
and wear such a helmet that offers sufficient protection against head injury
and does not restrict the rider's vision (disqualification for failure to
wear such a helmet or for removing it during a race). The racing
organization makes no warranties or representations regarding the protective
adequacy or fitness for competition of any helmets. A rider, by entering an
event conducted under these rules, agrees to hold the racing organization
harmless from any and all claims arising from the use of any particular
helmet. Wearing of the helmet is mandatory during training rides on
5.2.1 No article of clothing may be worn that serves solely an aerodynamic
5.2.2 All clothing and equipment will be in good repair and reasonably
clean at the start.
220.127.116.11 Bicycles must be propelled by the rider's legs only. No stored
propulsion mechanism is allowed.
18.104.22.168 Bicycles must be no more than 2 meters long and 75 cm wide. Tandems
may be up to 3 meters long.
22.214.171.124 Nothing may be added to the basic bicycle to reduce air resistance.
EXCEPTION: spoke covers may be used.
126.96.36.199 Fully enclosed or disc front wheels or spoke covers on front wheels
are not allowed in mass start events.
188.8.131.52 The handlebars and stem will not present a danger. Handlebars that
allow for support of the forearms may not be used in mass start events.
Handlebar ends and extensions shall be plugged and must not have sharp or
5.4 Selection of equipment and clothing are solely the responsibility of
the rider. THE RACING ORGANIZATION assumes no responsibility for safety or
performance of any items selected by the rider. Each rider is responsible
for proper maintenance of his/her clothing and equipment. The Chief Referee
may disallow the start of any rider using equipment or clothing deemed
dangerous or inadequate.
5.5 RULES SPECIFIC TO TRACK RACING
5.5.1 For mass start events:
- No mixing of freewheeled and fixed geared bikes.
- Handlebar ends that point up or forward or that allow for support of the
forearm are not allowed.
5.5.2 For timed trialed events:
- A bicycle with shifting mechanism, brakes and freewheel may be used but
gear shifting is not allowed during the race.
- Riders may use upturned or forward pointing handlebars or bars that
provide support for the forearms (i.e. cow-horn, tri bars, etc.)
6.1 Shall either be the numbers provided by THE RACING ORGANIZATION.
Numbers from other races may not be used. Penalty or disqualification is at
the discretion of the Race Official.
6.2 Numbers will be block figures and will be easily read at a distance.
They will be black figures on a white background. Riders will place their
numbers according to the instructions of the officials and/or race
6.3 No rider shall cut, fold, mutilate, trim or apply stickers to the race
number, nor shall they sell, trade or give the issued number to another
individual. Penalty or disqualification is at the discretion of the Race
6.4 Unreadable numbers may not be placed.
6.5 The numbers shall be a minimum of 12 cm high on a minimum 20 cm by 20
7. START OF A RACE
7.1 No race will start before the time stated in the race announcement
unless every possible registered rider is present and agrees to the earlier
7.2 It is the responsibility of each rider to be at the start line on time.
7.3 The start will be signaled by a single gunshot, whistle, flag, or
7.4 The Starter alone determines the validity of the start. An honorary
Starter may be requested by the organizer, but will have no official
function except to give the start signal.
7.5 All riders will start in the same manner (with holders, with one foot on
the ground, rolling start, etc.).
7.6 The starter may use a neutral lap to start the race if deemed necessary
for safety or fairness.
8. FINISH OF A RACE
8.1 A rider finishes when the front tire first penetrates the imaginary
vertical plane above the leading edge of the finish line. EXCEPTION: Events
where a tape switch or other timing device is used.
8.2 The last lap is signaled by the ringing of a bell. A '1' will be
displayed on the lap cards. If the bell is rung on the wrong lap, the Chief
Referee will determine whether the finish will be on that lap or on the
originally planned lap.
8.3 Once the first rider has finished, the Chief Referee may excuse any
competitor from completing the entire distance if the result is a foregone
8.4 The Chief Judge will compile the results as quickly as possible and
ensure that a copy is posted for the riders to inspect.
9. RIDER CONDUCT
9.1 Riders are responsible for their own conduct, including arriving on
time with the correct equipment. No rider shall benefit from his or her
misconduct. No team shall benefit from its misconduct, or the misconduct of
one of its members.
9.2 Misconduct may be punished at the discretion of the Chief Referee. The
forms of misconduct include, but are not limited to:
- Unsportsmanlike conduct
- Fraud (including falsifying information on an entry)
- Causing any race to have a result other than on the merits of the
- Dangerous Riding
- Making an abrupt motion which interferes with the forward progress of
- Using foul or abusive language or conduct toward any individual
- Pushing or holding another rider (whether on a different team or not)
except in Madison where riders may only push their teammate.
- Failure to follow a referee's order
- Completing any part of the course without a bicycle. (It is not required
to ride the bicycle the entire course.)
- Not maintaining equipment properly so that it is dangerous (i.e.
insufficient glue on tires, etc.)
- Riding on a race course when not entered in an event in progress.
- Taking pace from a vehicle or from a rider in a different race
- Violating any of the Racing Rules
10.1 All protests concerning order of finish will be resolved by the Chief
Judge, whose decision is final and beyond appeal.
10.2 All protests concerning qualification of rider(s) or equipment will be
resolved by the Chief Referee before the start of the race. The Chief
Referee must make a decision before allowing the race to start.
10.3 Protests concerning incidents during the race will be presented to the
Chief Referee in. They must be submitted within 15 minutes of the
protester's finish. The Chief Referee will decide the results of the protest
and communicate them to all parties involved.
10.4 The Chief Referee will keep the Chief Judge informed about any decision
or pending decision that could affect the results.
10.5 Any protest about the order of finish must be lodged within 15 minutes
of posting. In series races results may be protested until the end of sign
in of the next race in the series. For the last race in series events and
for all other races, if there are no protest within 15 minutes of posting
the results will be considered final.
10.6 Prizes will not be distributed before 15 minutes after the final posting
of results or before permission has been given to do so by the Chief Judge.
11. TRACK RACING
11.1 TRACK MARKINGS
All markings on the track should follow UCI Cycling Regulations.
11.2 RIDING CONDUCT
These rules apply to scratch, handicap, miss-and-out, Madison, and points
11.2.1 Leaders must occupy the sprinters lane unless far enough in the lead
so as not to interfere with competitors seeking to pass. If the leader is
below the sprinters line, the following riders may not pass underneath
[relegation or disqualification].
11.2.3 A competitor overtaking another must pass on the outside unless the
rider ahead is riding above the sprinters line. A rider who passes another
must not in any way impede the progress of the passed rider [relegation or
11.2.4 In the homestretch on the last lap, the leader(s) must ride a
straight line parallel to the edge of the track [relegation or
11.2.5 Blue Band. In all races it is permissible to ride below the
measurement line, but never below the track surface on the blue band
except during the slow part of a Match Sprint or during the Madison [relegation or disqualification].
11.2.6 When a rider has a crash that does not present a danger to the other
riders, the race will not be neutralized. In case of a crash that causes a
hazard to the other riders, the race may be neutralized by the starter.
While the race is neutralized, all riders must ride slowly around the top of
the track, maintaining their relative positions. Resumption of racing will
be signaled by the starter when it becomes safe.
11.2.7 Riders who suffer a mishap may be assisted in restarting.
11.2.8 A rider shall be considered to have gained a lap upon reaching a
position to take shelter behind the rearmost rider of the group.
11.2.9 Starts will generally be rolling starts. The official will signify
the start of the race after riders are determined to be properly bunched so
as to give no undue advantage or disadvantage to any rider. This signal
shall be audible, generally a whistle.
11.3 TYPES OF COMPETITION
11.3.1 SCRATCH RACE
A scratch race is one in which all riders start from the same point at the
same time. The race shall be run over a specified number of laps and the
riders classified according to the order in which they cross the line on the
final lap. If permitted by the Chief Referee, free laps up to a distance of
1100 meters may be taken in a case of a mishap. However, free laps may not
be taken in the final kilometer of the race. Riders taking free laps may not
return to the track in the final kilometer. Riders who suffer a mishap and
do not return to the track will not be placed.
11.3.2 HANDICAP RACE
A handicap race is a race in which the stronger riders are given either a
greater distance to travel or a later start so as to equalize competition.
The starting positions or the time allowances must be announced to all
participants before the start of the race. The official handicapper shall
decide what distance or time allowance is to be granted to each competitor.
The competitor must supply accurate information to the handicapper. Starts
will be made on the track itself unless the banking is too steep for safety,
in which case the competitors shall start on the blue band. If two or more
riders are to start from the same point, they may be placed one after the
other or side by side, whichever is safer. The holders may be allowed to run
with their riders for a short distance at the start, provided this is
clearly stated before the race. The starter shall be positioned so as to see
all riders and may have an assistant with a flag to assist in observing a
possible false start.
A miss-and-out (sometimes called "devil take the hindmost") is a mass start race in which the last rider over the line on designated laps is eliminated
from the race. Riders may be eliminated every lap, every other lap, or on
whatever regular schedule is stipulated before the race. Gaining a lap shall
not prevent a rider from being pulled nor matter in the final placings. The
back edge of the rear tire determines who is the last rider over the line.
The Chief Judge shall notify the last rider over the line. The rider shall
withdraw with due caution as soon as it is practical. If a rider does not
withdraw as instructed, the Chief Referee may call one or more free laps
until the rider has retired. [A rider who blatantly disregards instructions
to leave the field shall be subject to disqualification from the remaining
events in the meet and possible suspension.] Riders suffering mishaps shall
be eliminated. When fewer than 8 riders remain, riders suffering mishaps
shall be placed ahead of riders already eliminated. Finish. The miss-and-out
may be ridden to the last person or to a specified number of survivors. In
the latter case, there may be a free lap followed by a conventional sprint,
judged on the order of finish by the front wheels. The format to be used
must be explained to all riders before the start of the race.
Track Sprints involve a series of races, each with a small number of riders.
The number and composition of the races is organized by the Chief Referee to
meet the needs of the racing program for the number of riders. The sprint
rounds may be preceded by a flying start 200 meter time trial to seed or
select riders who will take part in the sprint heats. Formats may include:
(a) Championship format - riders compete in qualifying and succeeding rounds
in such a way that the fastest riders shall meet in the final race.
(b) Round robin format - each entrant competes against every other entrant.
The winning rider of each pairing shall receive one point. The overall
placings are determined by the number of points gained in all matches. If a
rider does not complete the entire series of matches, then any points gained
by or at the expense of that rider are canceled. In case of a tie, the tie
will be broken in favor of the rider who:
(1) Scored the greatest number of points in the matches against the other
tied riders; or,
(2) If still tied, has the highest placing in an additional sprint in which
all riders who are still tied compete, or
(3) If still tied, wins a final match of the tied riders
(c) Exhibition sprints follow the format of championship sprints, but may
vary in the number of competitors allowed in the qualifying and final rounds
and in the distance of the sprints. Repechage rounds and the requirement
that a rider lose twice before being eliminated may be omitted.
When rider seeding is based on a time trial, only bicycles that meet sprint
standards shall be used.
Distance. Sprints are run over two laps on a track of 333.33 meters or
greater or over three laps on a smaller track or as designated by the
The starting position of each rider shall be decided by the drawing of lots.
The rider drawing the inside position is obligated to lead at the start.
Following the start, the leader may not perform a standstill for more than
30 seconds. If he or she does, the official shall require the rider
initiating the standstill to continue the race. If the rider fails to
continue, the starter shall stop the race, after a warning, and declare the
other rider the winner of the heat. In a three or four-up race, the race
shall be immediately rerun as a two or three-up race, without the relegated
rider. A maximum of two standstills shall be permitted for each race. The
rider on the inside of the track, unless overtaken, shall lead until
reaching the pursuit line on the opposite side of the track or another point
on the track as designated by the official before the start of the race.
Should the race be run in two heats, each rider shall lead one heat. A
further draw shall be made if a third and deciding heat proves necessary.
Stoppage. Once the start has been given and judged valid by the starter, the
race shall not be stopped without a legitimate reason.
(a) During the slow part of the race, the starter may stop the race if a
(1) Backs up more than 20 cm (8 inches) [1/4 wheel rotation with a 700c
(2) Does a standstill on the blue band;
(3) Touches the track surface or the outside fence or railing;
(4) During a standstill touches an opponent or jumps his bike;
[The rider responsible shall lead the reride]
b) Should any rider suffer a mishap at any time during the race, a restart
shall be signaled by the starter unless it is obvious that at the moment,
the rider concerned had no chance to place. In a reride following a mishap,
the starting positions of the riders are not changed.
(c) Should a race be stopped because of an apparent mishap that turns out to
not be legitimate, the race shall be restarted without the rider at fault.
Before the sprint has begun riders may utilize the full width of the track,
but must leave room on the right for riders to pass and avoid movements that
could cause a collision, a fall, or force a rider off the track.
Once the sprint has begun (the riders are moving at full speed or near full
(a)No rider may attempt to overtake an opponent using the blue band, either
while passing or pulling out of a passing maneuver;
(b) The leader must always leave room on the right for other riders to pass.
The leader is not obligated to leave room on the left, but may not enter the
sprinters lane if it is occupied, except with a clear lead, and in no case
may force an opponent off the track;
(c) If the leader is below the sprinters line, he or she must stay below the
sprinters line until the finish and all following riders must pass on the
right and outside the sprinters lane. However, the leader may come out of
the sprinters lane if he or she is so far ahead that there is no hindrance
d) If the leader is riding above the sprinters line, he or she shall make no
abrupt motion to keep other riders from passing and may make no move to the
right (whether abrupt or not) that could have caused a fall or that exceeds
90 cm. (same as the width of the sprinters lane). Following riders may pass
on either side. The leader may move to the left into the sprinters lane only
if the trailing edge of the leader's rear wheel is ahead of the leading edge
of the front wheel of the following rider [relegation for foul riding].
There is no penalty at the finish if the lead rider accidentally drops below
the measurement line or even onto the blue band.
Falls. A rider in a two-up sprint who intentionally causes another rider to
fall shall be disqualified. A rider who falls while attempting an illegal
maneuver shall be relegated. The wronged party shall be declared the winner
without necessarily passing the finish line.
No-shows. If one rider in a two-up heat fails to appear, that rider loses
the sprint and the other rider must put in an appearance on the starting
line in order to be declared the winner, but need not cover the distance.
The losing rider may compete in a subsequent ride.
Blocking. In a sprint with three or more contestants, a rider who is hemmed
in at the bottom by other riders may not force his way out of the box, nor
may a rider block or interfere with another rider [relegation or
No rider may deliberately cause a crash disqualification]. Whenever such a
situation is detected the race should be stopped, if not completed, and in
any case shall be rerun without the rider responsible. In the case of an
accidental collision before the sprint has begun, the race will be stopped
by the starter and rerun with the original participants in the same starting
In the case of a dead heat, the race will be rerun with only the riders who
made the dead heat.
11.3.4 TANDEM SPRINT
Tandem sprint events on the track shall be run in accordance with sprint
regulations except that:
(a) Tandem sprints shall be run over the integral number of laps nearest to
1300 meters for the particular track;
(b)In no case shall more than four tandems be raced together, or three on
tracks smaller than 333 meters
(c)When flying start time trials are used to seed riders, the timing
distance shall be either the complete length of the track or 400 meters,
whichever is less.
A Keirin is a race in which riders sprint after completing a certain number
of laps behind a pacer. The race shall be run over the integral number of
laps nearest to 2000 meters for the particular track. No more than nine
riders may compete in a Keirin. If the number of entrants warrants, there
may be qualification and/or repechage rounds leading to a final race.
Normally the pacer rides a derny or motorized pacing bicycle; a tandem may
be used when practicable. Sprint Rules Apply. Except as provided below,
rules regarding track sprint riding shall apply to the Keirin.
(a) The starting positions of the riders shall be determined by drawing
lots. The riders shall be placed side by side on the pursuit line with the
sprinters lane being left free. The riders shall be held by
assistants. The start shall be given when the pacer approaches the pursuit
line in the sprinters lane. Unless another rider assumes the responsibility,
the rider who drew #1 may be required to follow the wheel of the pacer for
at least the first lap, failing which the starter shall stop the race and
the rider will be eliminated. The rider who drew #2 shall lead after the
(b) The pacer shall ride on the measurement line, starting at 25 kph (13
mph) and shall gradually increase speed to 45 kph (28 mph). He shall leave
the track when ordered to do so by the starter, in principle 600-700
meters before the finish.
(c) In the case of a mishap in the first half lap, the race shall be stopped
(d)If the leading edge of the front wheel of any rider's bicycle draws even
with the back edge of the pacer's rear wheel while the pacer is still on the
track, the rider shall be disqualified.
(e) The race will be stopped in the event of illegal behavior by one or more
riders while behind the
pacer. The race shall be rerun without the rider(s) at fault.
(f) Any other restarts are at the discretion of the Chief Referee.
11.3.6 TIME TRIAL
Riders are timed over a fixed distance and compete one at a time. Starts may
be either flying or standing, as specified. If a session is interrupted, all
competitors must ride in a subsequent session. In flying start events, two
laps are permitted on tracks 333 m or less in length before timing starts.
Standing Start Events. The rider shall be held by an official at the start
and shall be neither restrained nor pushed. The starter shall insure that
each rider starts within the sprinters lane, with the leading edge of the
front wheel directly over the starting line and the bicycle not pointed up
or down the track.
Restarts. In case of an apparent mishap, the officials shall immediately
determine the cause. If the mishap is verified, the rider is entitled to a
delayed restart, which will be made after the next five riders have started.
If there are not five riders remaining, the restart shall be after 10
minutes [any rider who intentionally causes a mishap shall be disqualified].
In the case of a false start or unverified mishap the rider restarts
immediately. A rider is permitted at most, one restart in any given round.
Should two or more riders make the same time, they shall be placed equally.
The blue band shall be made impractical for riding by the placement of
sponges 50 cm by 8 cm by 8 cm in the turns at 5 meter intervals 20 cm below
the lower edge of the measurement line. [No penalty for riding on sponges,
disqualification for riding below the sponges.]
11.3.7 INDIVIDUAL PURSUIT
Individual Pursuit is a time trialed race between competitors who are
started at equal intervals around the track, and is run until one rider
catches the others or until a certain distance is covered, as specified in
advance. A rider catches another by overtaking and drawing even.
Race format - At a minimum there will be a single ride and racers will be
ranked by time. There may be further rounds at the discretion of the race
organizer. The format for the organization of pursuit rounds shall be
clearly explained to the riders prior to the race, preferable posted or in
Timing - Both riders will be timed at half-laps throughout the race.
Coach - One person only may indicate a rider's position in relation to the
other rider. That person may occupy a position before or after the rider's
finish line, but shall not make any rash gestures of encouragement.
Recovery Interval - A rider may not participate in more than two pursuit
matches on the same day except in unavoidable circumstances, which shall be
decided by the Chief Referee. A minimum interval of two hours must be
allowed between rides.
(a) There shall be separate lap cards and a bell for each rider.
(b) A red disc shall be placed in the home straight and a green disc in the
back straight exactly at the starting points of each rider. There shall be
conspicuous markers 30 meters ahead of the starting point of each rider.
(c) A single green flag and a single red flag may mark the first kilometer
of each rider respectively. A double green flag and a double red flag may
mark the last kilometer of each rider respectively. These discs and flags
permit the starter to determine the location of the rider for the purpose of
(a) The two riders shall be positioned to start on the inside of the track
diametrically opposite each other.
(b) The start shall be by gunshot or start tones. The starter and assistant
starter shall be in the center of the track. The riders shall be held by
officials and neither restrained nor pushed. The same two officials shall
hold all riders if possible. The referees located at each starting point
shall insure that all riders start in exactly the same manner, with the
front part of their front wheel directly over the starting line and the
bicycle not pointed up or down the track. The referee puts up a flag when
the rider is ready.
(c) The starter within the first 30 meters shall call a false start should
either rider move forward before the gun is fired or if either rider is
(d) After the qualifying round, the rider with the faster time in the
preceding round shall be started so as to finish in the home straight.
(a) The officials must immediately determine the cause for stoppage and
whether or not a legitimate mishap has occurred.
(b)Qualifying round: If either rider has a mishap, the other rider shall
continue the time trial. The rider suffering the mishap shall ride at the
end of the qualifying round, either alone or against another rider who has
suffered a mishap.
(c) Quarterfinal, semifinal, or final: If either rider has a mishap in the
first kilometer, the race will be stopped and entirely rerun. If a mishap
occurs after the first kilometer but before the last, the race will be
stopped and restarted with both riders positioned relative to the last
half-lap lines they crossed; the race leader will be on the line and the
other rider a distance back of the line equivalent to the gap in seconds,
B = (G x L) / (2 x T) where;
B = Distance back of the half-lap line for the slower rider;
G = Gap in seconds between the time of the faster and slower rider
at the last completed half-lap;
L = Length of one lap of the track;
T = Time of the slower rider in completing the last half-lap.
If either rider suffers a mishap in the last kilometer, the starter shall
stop the race and the times at the preceding half-lap shall be used to
decide the winner. Should the lead rider have a mishap in the last kilometer
of the quarterfinals, this rider's average speed will be used to calculate a
time to allow a fair placement in the semifinal, where the formula for the
corrected time is:
C = L x R / D where;
C = Corrected time for the lead rider;
L = Time of the lead rider up to the last completed half-lap;
R = Total distance of the race;
D = Completed distance up to the last half-lap.
(a) Quarterfinal: A rider who catches the other must complete the distance
to record a time so as to be properly placed in the semifinal. The rider who
was caught is eliminated.
(b) Semifinal or Final: If one rider passes the other, the starter shall
signal the end of the race.
(c) In all rounds, if neither rider catches the other, then a single gunshot
may be fired when the first rider finishes and another fired when the second
(d) If both riders have the same time at the finish, the riders shall be
placed according to the faster lap time nearest the finish.
(e) Qualifying rounds: If a rider is caught both riders complete the
distance for time.
11.3.8 TEAM PURSUIT
Pursuit teams are made up of two or more riders. The rules for a particular event must be explained to all participants before the start, preferably posted or in writing. The explanation must specify how many riders must finish and on which finisher the time is taken.
Italian pursuit is a race between teams of any number of riders over a
specified distance. The teams are spaced at equal intervals around the track
at the start. The leading rider of each team shall lead for one or two laps,
as specified, then pull off. The second rider shall then take the lead for
the same number of laps and also stop. The same procedure shall be followed
until there is only one rider on the track per team during the last one or
two laps. The team whose last rider is farthest ahead as compared to the
team's starting position, wins.
Championship team pursuit.
Teams shall have three or four riders per team and cover a distance of 4,000
meters. There may be up to six riders entered for each team but a racing
team of no more than four riders may compete in a given session. Timing is
taken from the front wheel of the third rider. Both teams will be timed at
full laps throughout the race.
Coach. Only one person may indicate a team's position in relation to the
other team. That person may occupy a position before or after the finish
line, but shall not make any rash gestures of encouragement.
Recovery Interval. A team should not participate in more than two pursuit
matches on the same day except in unavoidable circumstances as determined by
the Chief Referee. A minimum of two hours should be allowed between rides.
The organization of various rounds in team pursuit shall be included in the explanation of the event.
The equipment used for team pursuit shall be the same as for individual
pursuit except that the red and green flags, which mark the first and last
kilometer, are not needed.
(a) The two teams shall be positioned to start on the inside of the track
diametrically opposite each other. After the qualifying round, the team with
the faster time in the preceding round shall be started so as to finish in
the home straight.
(b) Each team must start in the same fashion. This may be either of two
(1) All four riders on the line with one meter between them or;
(2) Only the first rider on the line and the others at a 45 degree angle
back of the first rider with one meter between them.
(c) The start shall be by gunshot or start tones. The starter and assistant
starter shall be in the center of the track. The teams shall be held by
officials and neither restrained nor pushed. The same officials shall hold
all riders if possible. The officials located at each starting point shall
insure that all riders are lined up properly at the start and that the front
part of the front wheel of the first rider is directly over the starting
line and that no other rider is ahead of the first. All bicycles must be
lined up straight and not pointed up or down the track.
(d) A false start shall be signaled within the first 30 meters if any rider
moves forward before the gun is fired or is pushed, or if any rider other
than the one on the inside takes the lead before the 30 meter mark.
(e)Each team is allowed two rerides only for false starts. Therefore, a team
is entitled to only three starts.
(a) The officials must immediately determine the cause of any stoppage and
whether or not a legitimate mishap has occurred.
(b) Should an apparent mishap affecting only one rider not prove legitimate,
that rider shall be eliminated and only the remaining three riders allowed
in the reride.
(c) Qualifying Round. If one rider on a team has a mishap at any time, the
team may decide either to stop or continue to ride one person short. If the
team decides to stop, they must make their intention known within one lap
after the mishap. If the team continues to ride and finishes one rider
short, the resulting time will be used to place them in the next round. If
more than one rider on a team has a mishap, the team shall stop and ride
again at the end of the qualifying round, either alone or against another
team that has also had a mishap.
(d) Quarterfinal, Semifinal, or Final Rounds. If any rider has a mishap in
the first half lap, the race will be stopped and restarted by the starter.
If one rider on either team has a mishap after the first half lap, the other
three riders must continue. If more than one rider on either team has a
mishap after the first half lap, the starter shall stop the race and the
other team shall be declared the winner.
(a) In the qualifying round, if one team catches the other, both shall
continue and record a time for the distance.
(b) In the quarterfinal, if one team catches the other, it shall continue to
record a time so that it can be properly placed in the semifinal. The team
that was caught is eliminated.
(c) In the semifinal and final, if one team catches the other, the starter
shall stop the race. A team is considered to have caught another team when
the third rider draws even with the third rider of the overtaken team.
(d) In all rounds, if one team does not catch the other, then a single
gunshot may be fired when the first team finishes the specified distance and
another shot when the second team finishes. The team is considered to have
finished when the third rider crosses the line.
(e) If both teams have the same time at the finish, the teams shall be
placed according to the faster lap times nearest the finish. Three riders
must complete the distance or the team cannot be classified.
No Pushing. The members of a team shall not be allowed to push one another
[disqualification in the qualifying round and relegation to the next lower
place in subsequent rounds].
11.3.9 TEAM SPRINT
Team Sprint is a race run over laps of a track by teams of riders, each of
whom shall lead for one lap. The number of riders per team (and total laps)
shall be specified; generally the number of riders will be three for men and
two for women. The event may be organized into qualifying heats leading to a
final. The qualifying heats select the four best teams on the basis of their
times. In the finals, the teams with the two best times ride off for first
and second and the others ride off for third and fourth. In three lap events
there may be four riders entered for each team but a racing team of no more
than three of those riders may compete in a given session.
(a) In the finals, the team with the best time shall start in the home
(b) The composition of a team may be modified from one round to another but
an incomplete team (less than one riders per lap) may not start.
(c) If any member of a team starts before the pistol shot a false start
shall be called.
(a) The leading rider shall move toward the outside of the track after one
lap and then drop back and leave the track without hindering the other team.
(b) The next rider shall lead the following lap and then shall drop out in
the same manner.
(c) The last rider shall complete the last lap alone.
(d) The lead rider must relinquish the lead no more than 13 meters before or
after the end of the lap that rider is to lead. (A rider relinquishes the
lead by moving up the track and out of the way of the next rider by at least
(e) No rider may push or pull another rider. [Relegation to last place for
violation of any of these rules.]
In case of a mishap or false start, the team may try again at the end of the
heats and the other team continues. However, if the mishap occurs after 30
meters and before the end of the second lap, the team may choose to
continue. In the event of a second mishap or false start no restart is
The team whose final rider crosses the line first shall be the winner. In
case of a tie, the team with the best time on the final lap shall win. All
timings are based on the lead rider.
11.3.10 POINTS RACE
A points race is a rolling start scratch race in which sprints for points
are held on certain laps as designated by the official. For standard points
races this is usually every five laps, or every 2 km. For standard Points
races in each sprint, the first four riders shall normally be awarded points
in order of finish as follows: 5 points, 3 points, 2 points, 1 point. The
number of points may be doubled on the final sprint or on intermediate
sprints as designated by the official. Any rider who gains a lap on the main
field will receive 20 points. Any rider who loses a lap to the main field
will lose 20 points. Other variations of arranging sprint laps and awarding
points may be used in other types of points races, such as Progressive
Points, Point-A-Lap, etc. In all cases the highest points are awarded to the
riders finishing ahead, i.e. there may be no disincentive points. The
arrangement and timing of the sprints will be explained to the riders
verbally at the start and/or in writing prior to the race. The main group is
the largest group on the track. If two or more groups are the same size, the
leading group shall be the main group.
(a) A rider shall be considered to have lapped the main group upon reaching
a position to take shelter behind the main group. (A rider or group of
riders shall be considered to have taken shelter behind the main group when
the distance between the last rider in the main group and the first rider of
the overtaking group is less than 5 meters.)
(b) Riders who break away continue to score points until they have lapped
the main group. Once they have lapped the main group, they must sprint with
this group to score additional points, even if they catch the group during a
(c) If the riders are strung out so that no main group exists, the Chief
Referee shall determine when a rider or group of riders has passed enough
riders to be credited with having gained a lap.
(d)Riders attempting to gain a lap may not accept assistance from riders who
have lost contact with the back of the field. Riders attempting to gain a
lap may work together, but no sacrifice of a rider's position to the
advantage of another rider shall be allowed [loss of points or laps that
have been illegally gained].
(a) Riders who lose laps may sprint for points only after being absorbed by
the main group prior to the beginning of the sprint lap. A rider may be
considered to be absorbed when caught by the lead rider in the main group.
Riders may win points regardless of how many laps they have lost.
(b)A rider who gains a lap and then loses contact does not lose the lap
until absorbed by the main group.
(c) Riders who fall two or more laps behind and are considered to be out of
contention may be withdrawn at the discretion of the Chief Referee.
(a) In case of mishap, the rider involved shall be given one or more free
laps totaling nearest to 1100 meters per mishap.
(b) Free laps may not be taken in the final 5 laps of the race. Riders
taking a free lap may not return to the track in the final kilometer.
(c) To be eligible to score points in a sprint following a rider's mishap,
the rider must have rejoined the group they were previously a part of before
they start the sprint lap.
(a) A points race ends when the leader completes the required distance or
the designated time has elapsed. All other riders will finish on the same
lap as the leader. Riders who have mishaps and who are prevented from
returning to the track in the last kilometer shall retain the points and
laps that they had at the time of the mishap relative to the main group.
Other riders who fail to complete the race shall not be placed.
(b). Points determine the final placings of riders when riders are tied on
points, the order of finish in the final sprint shall be used to break the
tie. Tied riders who cannot be placed in the final sprint are placed
according to the number of first places in sprints. If still tied, then the
number of second places in sprints shall decide.
If rain or any other circumstance forces the race to be stopped after
two-thirds of the distance has been covered, the results shall be final at
the point of stoppage. Otherwise, the race shall be rerun according to the
instructions of the Chief Referee.
A Madison is a points race between teams of two or three riders who relay
each other for a specified distance or time. In no case may more than two
members of a team race at the same time. Sprints for points shall be held in
the same manner as a points race. Generally sprints will be every 5 minutes
or an integral number of laps nearest to 4 kilometers. Lap cards shall be
displayed counting laps down each lap at least 5 laps preceding sprints. The
number of points normally is doubled on the last sprint. The arrangement and
timing of the sprints will be explained to the riders verbally at the start
and/or in writing prior to the race. Gaining and losing laps and final
placings of teams in a Madison race are determined in the same way as for
riders in a points race. At the start of the race, one rider from each team
will be on the line and the other rider(s) will be on relief. A rolling
start will be used.
(a) A rider entering the track from the blue band shall do so on the home
straight or back straight and must not interfere with riders already on the
track. A rider leaving the track should stop on the blue band in one of the
straights, but never on turns.
b) In order to make a change from racing rider to relief rider, a rider must
draw even with the teammate. The relay may be made by touching, pushing,
pulling, or by merely drawing even with the partner. Handslings may be
allowed if so specified by the Chief Referee.
(c) A relay without the partners drawing even (a wireless pickup may result
in a team being penalized a lap.)
(d) In relieving, the members of a team must not interfere with other
competitors. The relieved rider must stay on the inside of the track or
continue in a straight line from wherever the exchange was made until all
other riders in that group have passed safely. When the track is clear, the
relieved rider may move up the track and proceed slowly until time for the
next exchange. If there are special regulations on where the riders must
stay, they must be explained clearly to the riders before the race.
(e) Exchanges shall be made as low as possible on the track. Following
riders will be expected to ride over exchanging riders. [Relegation, points
penalty or laps penalty, disqualification.]
Should one of the riders suffer a mishap, his teammate shall immediately
take the team position and continue to race without relief until his
teammate returns. If both riders suffer mishaps, the team shall be entitled
to free laps equal to the number of laps nearest 1000 meters. On returning
to the race, a member of the team shall resume the position the team
occupied before the mishap. Teams taking free laps may not return to the
track in the final kilometer. There shall be no free laps taken in the final
2000 meters of the race; a team entitled to free laps at that point or
prevented from returning to the track in the final kilometer shall be placed
according to the laps and points held at the time of the mishap.
(a) A rider who loses a partner through retirement or mishap may be teamed
with another rider who has lost a partner. Such reteaming shall be done at
the discretion of the Chief Referee.
(b) In combining the remnants of two teams, the lower lap count and points
score of the two teams shall be used. Should the reconstructed team be tied
with another team, they shall be placed behind that team.
The race ends when the leading team completes the required distance or the
designated time has elapsed. All other teams will finish on the same lap as
the leader. An audible signal, generally a whistle, is given after all
riders have completed the final lap.